On Tuesday this week, the Queen’s coffin was transported from RAF Northolt to Buckingham Palace in the state hearse.
Designed by the Royal Household and Jaguar Land Rover, the bespoke hearse has a number of specific features.
It will again be used to transport the Queen’s coffin from London to Windsor where she will be laid to rest following her state funeral on Monday.
Here is what we know about the vehicle.
What is the state hearse?
According to The Week, the state hearse is thought to be based on the Jaguar XJ saloon design and customised by Wilcox Limousines, which is based in Wigan.
As well as input from the Royal Household, the Queen is believed to have approved the final plans for the vehicle.
The hearse was first used on 13 September to transport the Queen’s coffin from RAF Northolt to Buckinghams Palace ahead of her lying in state.
What are the special features of the hearse?
The design enables mourners to have a clear view of the Queen’s coffin.
There are wide windows, a back window, thin panels and a clear glass top with spotlights to illuminate the casket.
The Queen’s personal royal cypher is also on the sides of the hearse.
A spokesperson for Buckingham Palace said: “The State Hearse has been designed to allow members of the public to have a clear view of Her Majesty’s Coffin as it travels through London and Windsor.”
The Queen’s final resting place will be the King George VI memorial chapel in St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle, where her mother and father were buried, along with the ashes of her sister, Princess Margaret.
The Duke of Edinburgh’s coffin will move from the Royal Vault to the memorial chapel to join the Queen.
Land Rovers have long been favoured by the Royal Family.
Prince Philip, who died aged 99 in April last year at Windsor Castle, opted for a modified Land Rover which he himself designed.
He had been working on creating the bespoke hearse since 2003 and made the final adjustments in 2019.
Among the modifications were the open top rear section, where his coffin rested, and the military green colour.
On the day of the funeral, the Land Rover Defender was used to carry his coffin to St George’s Chapel, Windsor.
What is the Queen’s funeral route?
The Queen’s coffin will travel by ceremonial procession along a route through London and then Windsor before she is laid to rest.
After the state funeral at Westminster Abbey which begins at 11am on Monday and is expected to finish at around noon, her coffin will then travel to Windsor for a committal service and private burial in King George VI’s Memorial Chapel in St George’s Chapel.
Here is the full procession route for the Queen’s coffin:
Westminster Hall to Westminster Abbey
The Queen’s coffin will be carried from Westminster Hall shortly after 10.35am to the state gun carriage, which will be positioned outside the building’s North Door.
The procession will go from New Palace Yard through Parliament Square, Broad Sanctuary and the Sanctuary before arriving at Westminster Abbey just before 11am.
Westminster Abbey to Wellington Arch
After the funeral finishes at around midday, the coffin will be placed on the gun carriage outside the Abbey. -At 12.15pm, the procession will set off for Wellington Arch at Hyde Park Corner.
The route will go from the Abbey via Broad Sanctuary, Parliament Square (south and east sides), Parliament Street, Whitehall, Horse Guards including Horse Guards Arch, Horse Guards Road, The Mall, Queen’s Gardens (south and west sides), Constitution Hill and Apsley Way.
Wellington Arch to Windsor
At Wellington Arch, the Queen’s coffin will be transferred from the gun carriage to the state hearse just after 1pm, ahead of the journey to Windsor.
It then will travel from central London to Windsor, on a route that has not been disclosed by the Palace.
When the hearse arrives in Windsor, the procession will begin just after 3pm at Shaw Farm Gate on Albert Road.
Shaw Farm Gate to St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle
The state hearse will join the procession, which will have been formed up and in position, at Shaw Farm Gate before travelling to St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.
The procession will follow the route of Albert Road, Long Walk, Cambridge Gate, Cambridge Drive, George IV Gate, Quadrangle (south and west sides), Engine Court, Norman Arch, Chapel Hill, Parade Ground and Horseshoe Cloister Arch.
Just before 4pm, the procession will halt at the bottom of the West Steps of St George’s Chapel in Horseshoe Cloister.
Here, the bearer party will carry the coffin in procession up the steps into the chapel.
The Queen will be interred during a private burial at King George VI Memorial Chapel in St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.